Top New Laws and Regulations Affecting Businesses
The new decade is starting off with a tsunami of new laws and regulations that will affect California businesses. Companies operating in California will have to be prepared for significant changes or open themselves up to potential litigation, fines and other risks. Here’s what you need to know coming into the new year:
1. AB 5
AB 5 creates a more stringent test for determining who is an independent contractor or employee in California. Known as the “ABC test,” the standard requires companies to prove that people working for them as independent contractors are: A) Free from the firm’s control when working; B) Doing work that falls outside the company’s normal business; and C) Operating an independent business or trade beyond the job for which they were hired. Legal experts recommend that employers:
- Perform a worker classification audit, and review all contracts with personnel.
- Notify any state agencies about corrections and changes to a worker’s status.
- Discuss with legal counsel whether they should now also include them as employees for the purposes of payroll taxes, workers’ compensation insurance, federal income tax withholding, and FICA payment and withholding.
2. Wildfire safety regulations
Cal/OSHA issued emergency regulations that require employers of outdoor workers to take protective measures, including providing respiratory equipment, when air quality is significantly affected by wildfires. Under the new regulations, when the Air Quality Index (AQI) for particulate matter 2.5 is more than 150, employers with workers who are outdoors are required to comply with the new rules. These include providing workers with protection like respirators, changing work schedules or moving them to a safe location.
3. Arbitration agreements
Starting Jan. 1, the state will bar almost all employee arbitration agreements. AB 51 bars employers from requiring applicants, employees and independent contractors to sign mandatory arbitration agreements and waive rights to filing lawsuits if they lodge a complaint for discrimination, harassment, wage and hour issues. Business groups sued to overturn the law on the grounds that it is preempted by the Federal Arbitration Act.
4. Overtime rules
New federal overtime regulations are taking effect for non-exempt workers. Under the new rule, employers will be required to pay overtime to certain salaried workers who make less than $684 per week – or $35,568 per year – up from the current threshold of $455, or $23,660 in annual salary.
5. Consumer privacy
Starting Jan. 1, under the California Consumer Protection Act, businesses that keep personal data of residents are required to safeguard that information and inform website users how their personal data may be used. The law applies to firms with $25 million or more in annual revenues or those that regularly sell personal information.
6. Return of the individual mandate
A new law brings back the individual mandate requiring Californians to secure health insurance coverage or face tax penalties. This comes after the penalties for not abiding by the Affordable Care Act’s individual mandate were abolished by Congress in late 2017. This will affect any of your staff who have opted out of your group health plan as it may mean they are going without coverage, unless they have opted to be covered by their spouse’s plan. If you have staff who didn’t enroll in your plan for2020, they may have to wait until your group’s next open enrollment at the end of the year. That could force them to pay tax penalties.
7. Anti-harassment training deadline extended
In 2018 California passed SB1343, greatly expanding the requirement that employers provide anti-harassment training to employees. An amendment to this law was signed by GovernorNewsomin2019 that extends the anti-harassment training deadline from Jan. 1, 2020 to Jan. 1, 2021. To be compliant by then, employers with five or more employees must provide harassment prevention training as follows: • At least two hours of training to all supervisors, and • At least one hour of training to all non-supervisory staff.
We can help you with training
To help you satisfy the anti-harassment training requirements, all George Petersen Insurance clients have free access to anti-harassment training videos in English and Spanish using our GPTrack risk management system If you already have been set up with a GPTrack account, then you can follow these instructions to assign trainings to employees. If you need to be set up with a GPTrack account, please contact Brianna Hernandez at email@example.com.
8. New audit, X-Mod thresholds
The threshold for physical workers’ compensation audits for California policies incepting on or after Jan. 1 is $10,500 in annual premium, a drop from$13,000. This means that any employer with an annual premium of $10,500 or more will be subject to a physical audit at least once a year. On top of that, the threshold for experience rating (to have an X-Mod) has also fallen – to$9,700 in annual premium as of Jan. 1, from $10,000.
9. Hairstyle discrimination
A new law bans firms from discriminating against employees and job applicants based on their hairstyle if it is part of their racial makeup. The CROWN Act defines race or ethnicity as “inclusive of traits historically associated with race, including, but not limited to hair texture and protective hairstyles like braids, locks and twists.” This new definition means that natural hair traits fall under the context of racial discrimination in housing, employment and school matters.
10. Changes to dual-wage class codes
This year starts with changes to 14 construction dual-wage class codes for workers’ comp purposes. While most workers’ compensation classes have one rate, in some construction classes the difference in claims costs between high- and lower-wage workers is so great that a dual-wage class is needed. In those cases, the workers above the threshold rate are assigned one rate, while those below that threshold are assigned a higher rate
Dual-Wage Classes for 2020
- Masonry – 2020 threshold: $28 per hour (+$1 from 2019)
- Heating/Plumbing/Refrigeration – 2020 threshold: $28 (+$2)
- Automatic sprinkler installation – 2020 threshold: $29 (+$2)
- Concrete/Cement work – 2020 threshold: $28 (+$3)
- Carpentry – 2020 threshold: $35 (+$3)
- Wallboard application – 2020 threshold: $36 (+$2)
- Glaziers – 2020 threshold: $33 (+$1)
- Painting/Waterproofing – 2020 threshold: $28 (+$2)
- Plastering/Stucco work – 2020 threshold: $32 (+$3)
- Roofing – 2020 threshold: $27 (+$2)
- Steel framing – 2020 threshold: $35 (+$3)
- Excavation/Grading/Land leveling – 2020 threshold: $34 (+$3)
- Sewer construction – 2020 threshold: $34 (+$3)
- Water/Gas main construction – 2020 threshold: $34 (+$3)
For more information go to the Workers’ Compensation Insurance Rating Bureau’s website.
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